International Journal of Railway Research- Graphical Abstract
Graphical abstracts

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Graphical abstracts
A Graphical Abstract is a single, concise, pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the article. This could either be the concluding figure from the article or a figure that is specially designed for the purpose, which captures the content of the article for readers at a single glance. Please see examples below.

The Graphical Abstract will be displayed in online search result lists, the online contents list and the online article, but will not (yet) appear in the article PDF file or print.

Author instructions
A Graphical Abstract should allow readers to quickly gain an understanding of the main take-home message of the paper and is intended to encourage browsing, promote interdisciplinary scholarship, and help readers identify more quickly which papers are most relevant to their research interests.
Authors must provide an image that clearly represents the work described in the paper. A key figure from the original paper, summarising the content can also be submitted as a graphical abstract.
Graphical Abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in EES by selecting “Graphical Abstracts" from the drop-down list when uploading files.

A Graphical Abstract should be a one-image file and should visualize one process or make one point clear. For ease of browsing, the Graphical Abstract should have a clear start and end, preferably "reading" from top to bottom or left to right. Try to reduce distracting and cluttering elements as much as possible.
  • Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 x 1328 pixels (hxw) using a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. If you are submitting a larger image then please use the same ratio (200 high x 500 wide). Please note that your image will be scaled proportionally to fit in the available window on ScienceDirect; a 500 by 200 pixel rectangle.
  • Font: Please use Times, Arial, Courier or Symbol font with a large enough font size as the image will be reduced in size for the Table of Contents to fit a window of 200 pixels high.
  • File type: preferred file types are TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.
  • No additional text, outline or synopsis should be included. Any text or label must be part of the image file. Please do not use unnecessary white space or a heading “Graphical Abstract” within the image file.
16 examples of good graphical abstracts in published articles
Example 1: Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of Zingiber zerumbet in mice: Possible mechanisms, Mohamed Hanief Khalida, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtarc, et al., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 137, Issue 1, 1 September 2011, Pages 345-351.
Example 2: Targeting the lymphatics using dendritic polymers (dendrimers), Lisa M. Kaminskasa, Christopher J.H. Porter, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Volume 63, Issues 10-11, 10 September 2011, Pages 890-900.

Example 3: Layer-by-layer capsules for magnetic resonance imaging and drug delivery, Hua Ai, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Volume 63, Issue 9, 14 August 2011, Pages 772-788.
Example 4: Cross talk between activation of microglia and astrocytes in pathological conditions in the central nervous system, W. Liu, Y. Tang, J. Feng, Life Sciences, Volume 89, Issues 5-6, 1 August 2011, Pages 141-146.
Example 5: ABT-737 overcomes Bcl-2 mediated resistance to doxorubicin–DNA adducts, Michal Ugarenko, Abraham Nudelman, Biochemical Pharmacology, Volume 79, Issue 3, 1 February 2010, Pages 339-349.

Example 6: Hydrotropic oligomer-conjugated glycol chitosan as a carrier of paclitaxel: Synthesis, characterization, and in vivo biodistribution, G. Saravanakumar, Kyung Hyun Min, et al., Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 140, Issue 3, 16 December 2009, Pages 210-217.

Example 7: Total synthesis of diastereomeric marine butenolides possessing a syn-aldol subunit at C10 and C11 and the related C11-ketone, Yan Wang, Wei-Min Dai, Tetrahedron, Volume 66, Issue 1, 2 January 2010, Pages 187-196.

Example 8: Moulting of insect tracheae captured by light and electron-microscopy in the metathoracic femur of a third instar locust Locusta migratoria, Edward P. Snelling, Roger S. Seymour, Sue Runciman, Journal of Insect Physiology, Volume 57, Issue 9, September 2011, Pages 1312-1316.

Example 9: Biodegradable star HPMA polymer–drug conjugates: Biodegradability, distribution and anti-tumor efficacy, Tomáš Etrych, Lubomír Kovář, et al., Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 154, Issue 3, 25 September 2011, Pages 241-248.

Example 10: Keyframe-based recognition and localization during video-rate parallel tracking and mapping, R.O. Castle, D.W. Murray, Image and Vision Computing, Volume 29, Issue 8, July 2011, Pages 524-532.

Example 11: Self-encoded marker for optical prospective head motion correction in MRI, Christoph Forman, Murat Aksoy, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 5, October 2011, Pages 708-719.

Example 12: Automatic inference of articulated spine models in CT images using high-order Markov Random Fields, Samuel Kadoury, Hubert Labelle, Nikos Paragios, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 4, August 2011, Pages 426-437.

Example 13: Extracting skeletal muscle fiber fields from noisy diffusion tensor data, David I.W. Levin, Benjamin Gilles, et. al, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 3, June 2011, Pages 340-353.

Example 14: Modifying organic/metal interface via solvent treatment to improve electron injection in organic light emitting diodes, Q. Wang, Y. Zhou, Organic Electronics, Volume 12, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 1858-1863.

Example 15: Efficient large area semitransparent organic solar cells based on highly transparent and conductive ZTO/Ag/ZTO multilayer top electrodes, Thomas Winkler, Hans Schmidt, et al., Organic Electronics, Volume 12, Issue 10, October 2011, Pages 1612-1618.

Example 16: Improved synthesis of disaccharides with Escherichia coli β-galactosidase using bio-solvents derived from glycerol, María Pérez-Sánchez, Álvaro Cortés Cabrera, Tetrahedron, Volume 67, Issue 40, 7 October 2011, Pages 7708-7712.
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